In a country as large and diverse as India, this is a union of 28 states and seven centrally administered territories, an efficient means for transferring resources from the central government to states are needed. This is so for efficiency reasons as the center is unlikely to be able to match local demands in a country with nearly 1.237 billion inhabitants (World Bank, 2012). But it is also important for performance, equity and sustainability.
My work within the field of international development has primarily focused on sustainability, with particular emphasis on the interaction between markets and the environment after reforms. In particular, the policy impacts of competitive pressure, exogenous market forces, and stability of political institutions. I am also very interested in the call for policies which view a wider range of actors in the system, and complies with decisions, rules, and policies of new in a liberalized state system.
The research on climate change is centered around the following facts: First, climate change will amplify existing risks and create new risks for natural and human systems. Risks are unevenly distributed and are generally greater for disadvantaged people and communities (IPCC, 2014). Second, in urban areas, climate change is projected to increase risks for people, assets, economies and ecosystems, including risks from heat stress, storms and extreme precipitation, inland and coastal flooding, landslides, air pollution, drought, water scarcity, sea-level rise, and storm surges (IPCC, 2014). These risks are amplified for those lacking essential infrastructure and services or living in exposed areas.
Third, rural areas are expected to experience major impacts on water availability and supply, food security, infrastructure, and agricultural incomes, including shifts in the production areas of food and non-food crops around the world (IPCC, 2014).